It may not always be the case that human resources is afforded an entire dedicated department in all businesses. For many smaller firms it would prove impossible to even have one dedicated employee for managing all recruitment, training, development and other staff related issues, and these duties have to be covered in a less formal way.
On the opposite end of the spectrum, we must acknowledge that there will be employees and even whole departments tasked with managing human resources who have little understanding of the principles behind it. In any case, having a good grasp of why we have human resources specialists and the different ideas that feed into the whole concept is very important for anyone managing any number of employees.
The ideas behind human resources (and the first uses of the actual term) have been traced back to the mid-late 19th century. Following the Industrial Revolution and rapid advances in production technology, the relationship between employee and employer was much more formal for a large proportion of the population. Misunderstandings and disagreements at work became more widespread and the need for processes and policies started to become apparent. It also became clear that efficiency could be improved through developing employees’ skills, and behaviour at work could be better understood and managed through a greater understanding of the circumstances of the individual. [Read more…] about The Origins of Human Resources